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lunes, 18 de marzo de 2013

Shams 1, world's largest CSP plant, has been officially launched

CSP World -
17 March
Para acceder a versión en español haga click  aquí

$600 million and three years of works for the currently largest CSP plant

The moment has come, Shams 1, the 100 MW parabolic trough plant promoted by Masdar, Abengoa  and Total has been officially launched in Medinat Zayed, near the city of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates.
After three years of construction works and some difficulties, such as a wrong estimation of Direct Normal Irradiation, the $600 million worth plant has finally become true and will start to feed energy to Abu Dhabi's electric grid.
Masdar, Abu Dhabi’s renewable energy company, partnered with French energy company Total and Spain’s energy infrastructure company Abengoa. The 100 MW Concentrated Solar Power project will power thousands of homes in the United Arab Emirates and displace approximately 175,000 tons of CO₂ per year.
The plant performance has been enhanced thanks to several fossil fuel-fired boilers to increase steam temperature and to keep HTF temperature. This way the plant supplies the grid with stable and dispatchable electricity. It allows the energy output to be insensitive to transient clouds and can even run with no solar radiation, only with the fossil fuel contribution.
Despite the use of natural gas as a backup fuel, the plant will reduce the GHG emissions in comparison with other fossil fuel-only powered plants and was proposed to be eligible for UNFCC's Clean Development Mechanism. The project has been the first CSP plant included in the CDM, and therefore will receive Certified Emission Reduction credits.
“The inauguration of Shams 1 is a major breakthrough for renewable energy in the Middle East,” said Dr. Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber, CEO of Masdar. “Just like the rest of the word, the region is faced with meeting its rising demand for energy, while also working to reduce its carbon footprint. Shams 1 is a significant milestone, as large-scale renewable energy is proving it can deliver electricity that is sustainable, affordable and secure.”
Shams 1 was designed and developed by Shams Power Company, a joint venture between Masdar (60 percent), Total (20 percent) and Abengoa Solar (20 percent).  It's worth noting that with the addition of Shams 1, Masdar’s renewable energy portfolio accounts for almost 68 percent of the Gulf’s renewable energy capacity and nearly 10 percent of the world’s installed CSP capacity.
“Abu Dhabi is investing and incubating a new energy industry, domestically and internationally,” said Dr. Al Jaber. “Through Masdar, the UAE is redefining the role it plays in providing the world with energy. From precious hydrocarbons exports to sophisticated renewable energy systems, we are balancing the energy mix and diversifying our economy – moving toward a more sustainable future. Today, the UAE is the only OPEC nation delivering both hydrocarbons and renewable energy to the international market.”
“As a long-lasting partner of Abu Dhabi, we are particularly proud to have been part of the challenging adventure that was Shams 1 construction. This is a major step in the process of transforming the capabilities of solar power in the region,” said Christophe de Margerie, chairman and CEO of Total. “We share Abu Dhabi’s vision that renewables have a promising future alongside fossil energies. Total is today a world leader in solar industry. As such, we are pleased to accompany the Emirate in the diversification of its energy mix.”
Covering an area of 250 ha, Shams 1 generates about 210 GWh, enough electricity to power 20,000 homes in the UAE. Also, because solar power is generated during peak demand, the UAE is able to reduce the need for “peak shaving” generators, which are expensive and idle most of the year.
“The Middle East holds nearly half of the world’s renewable energy potential,” said Santiago Seage, CEO of Abengoa Solar. “The abundance of solar energy is an opportunity to integrate sustainable, clean sources of power that address energy security and climate change. The region needs more projects like Shams 1, and we look forward to pushing the boundaries of future energy.”
Incorporating the latest in parabolic trough technology, Shams 1 features more than 258,000 mirrors mounted on 768 tracking parabolic trough collectors. By concentrating heat from direct sunlight onto oil-filled pipes, Shams 1 produces steam, which drives a turbine and generates electricity. In addition, the solar project uses a booster to heat steam as it enters the turbine to dramatically increase the cycle’s efficiency. The project also includes a dry-cooling system that significantly reduces water consumption – a critical advantage in the arid desert of western Abu Dhabi.
A source of great pride, the Western Region of Abu Dhabi is the centre of the country’s hydrocarbon industry and represents the roots of its Bedouin heritage. With the addition of Shams 1, the region is evolving. Today, alongside oil fields, renewable energy and civil nuclear power is being developed to support the country’s long-term energy requirements.

Source : CSP- World

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